Web development is the backbone of every website and software we encounter daily. It involves coding and programming to power the functionality of websites, ranging from simple pages to complex social media platforms and apps.

1. What is web development?

Web development refers to the process of creating and maintaining websites or web applications. It involves a combination of programming, design, and other elements to build a functional and visually appealing online presence. Web development can range from simple static web pages to social media platforms and apps, from e-commerce websites to content management systems (CMS)—all the tools we use via the internet daily have been built by developers.

2. Types of Web Development

Web development comprises three layers:

  • Frontend Development (client-side coding)
  • Backend Development (server-side coding)
  • Database Technology

Front-End Development:  also known as client-side development, involves creating the user interface and user experience that users interact with directly in their web browsers. It focuses on the visual elements, layout, and overall design of a website. Frontend code executes in a web browser and directly relates to what people see when they visit a website. Things like layout, fonts, colors, menus, and contact forms are all driven by the front end.

Technologies include; languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and front-end frameworks/libraries (e.g., React, Angular, Vue.js).

Back-End Development: Back-end development, or server-side development, deals with the server, database, and application logic. It manages data, processes requests from the front end, and handles server-side operations. The backend is essentially the part of a website that the user doesn’t see. It is responsible for storing and organizing data, and ensuring that everything on the front end runs smoothly. It does this by communicating with the front end.

Technologies include; languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, Java

Database technology: The database contains all the files and content that are necessary for a website to function, storing it in such a way that makes it easy to retrieve, organize, edit, and save. The database runs on a server, and most websites typically use some form of relational database management system (RDBMS).


Apart from these main types, there are also specialized areas within web development:

Mobile Development: Mobile web development focuses on creating websites or web applications specifically designed for mobile devices. It often involves responsive design and may leverage technologies like Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) for a better mobile experience.

Technologies include;  Mobile-friendly HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and mobile frameworks (e.g., React Native, Flutter).

Web Security: Web security specialists focus on ensuring the security of web applications. They address vulnerabilities, implement encryption, and employ best practices to protect against threats such as hacking, data breaches, and other security risks.

Technologies include; Security protocols, encryption algorithms, and secure coding practices.

DevOps (Development + Operations): DevOps involves the integration of development and IT operations to streamline the software development lifecycle. It includes practices like continuous integration, continuous deployment, and automation to enhance collaboration between development and operations teams.

Technologies include; Version control systems (e.g., Git), continuous integration tools (e.g., Jenkins), containerization (e.g., Docker), and orchestration tools (e.g., Kubernetes).

3. Are web developers in demand right now?

Yes! Technology is pervasive, and web developers play a crucial role in building and maintaining applications. Whether it’s scrolling through our favorite social media apps, checking the news, paying for something online, or connecting with colleagues using collaboration software and tools—most of what we do relies on some form of technology. Behind this technology is a team of web developers who have not only built it but constantly maintained it to ensure it works flawlessly.

4. So…should you become a web developer?

Absolutely! The web development industry shows healthy job growth, with a projected 16% and 25% increase in employment for web developers and software developers, respectively, from 2021 to 2031.

5. How to become a web developer

Step One: Get coding

Start your journey by diving into coding. Explore free coding classes and tutorials to discover your learning style and ensure you enjoy programming.

Step Two: Start choosing your coding career path

Decide whether you want to focus on frontend, backend, or full-stack development. The first big step to a career in web development is to learn the necessary languages, libraries, and frameworks for that area. Getting familiar with these as well as other tools and common terminology will make the next step—education—much easier.

Step Three: Decide your learning pathway

Choose an education pathway based on factors like web technologies taught, cost, time commitment, format, teaching style, learning support, certification, and career support. Take time out to assess the different features you need from a learning pathway. Look at where you are, the resources you have at present, and where you want to go.

Step Four: Prepare your portfolio

Build projects to create a compelling web developer portfolio. Showcase your skills and attract potential employers by demonstrating real-world applications of your coding abilities. With these projects, you can start to create your web developer portfolio—a great way of attracting attention among potential employers and future clients. If you’re focussing more on front-end development, then being able to show off your skills is even more important.

Step Five: Get practicing for the job market

It’s time to focus on an important customer journey—that of the organization that will be hiring you. So how does that work? Optimize your portfolio, resume, LinkedIn, and GitHub profile. Develop a systematic approach for job applications and practice for interviews, including common web developer interview questions and technical assessments.

6. Next steps

Congratulations on reaching the final stretch! Focus on refining your portfolio and preparing for the job market. No matter where you are, no matter which background you come from, these days it’s always possible to find a way to learn to code, to see if life as a professional web developer is for you.


What is needed to become a web developer?

To become a professional web developer, demonstrate proficiency in coding languages and technologies. Soft skills like communication and organization are essential, showcased through coding projects in your portfolio.

How hard is it to become a web developer?

While it requires time, focus, and effort, web development isn’t hard to learn. Abundant resources and communities support beginners in their coding journey.

Is 30 too old for web development?

No, age is not a barrier to learning web development. The field values diverse skill sets and experiences, making it accessible to individuals of all ages.

Is web development fun?

Yes, the satisfaction of problem-solving and the ability to build exciting projects make web development an enjoyable and rewarding career.

Are developers in high demand?

Yes, developers are in high demand, with projected job growth exceeding the average for all occupations. Technology’s pervasive role in various sectors ensures continued demand for skilled web developers.

How do you qualify as a web developer?

Qualify through a combination of education, experience, and skills. Coding boot camps or web development programs offer shorter alternatives to traditional degrees. Gain experience through internships, open-source projects, or entry-level positions.

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