Tech Career Guru

What is the Backend Development Process

The backend is the component of the system that you cannot "see". It refers to the application's or website's internal operation. This covers things like the server, the database, and so on.

The backend is often made up of three components: a server, an application, and a database. When you book a trip or purchase concert tickets, you typically visit a website and interact with the frontend. Once you've input the information, the program saves it to a database on a server. 

For the purpose of simplicity, consider a database to be a massive Excel spreadsheet on your computer, except that your computer (server) is located someplace in Arizona.

Looking at what backend is


How does the backend development work


A backend developer is someone who creates all of the technology that allows everything to function together. Backend technologies are often comprised of programming languages such as PHP, Ruby, Python, and others. To make them even more user-friendly, frameworks like as Ruby on Rails, Cake PHP, and Code Igniter are generally included to make development quicker and simpler to collaborate on.

A back-end developers performs three functions, as previously stated. Let's take a closer look at each.


The application

When using an app, users constantly request data, regardless of the nature of the product.

This is true whether the app is a "get-nice-info" app that displays public transportation maps and schedules or a children's game that enables users to create their own Barbie dolls.


The database

The data or information necessary for an app to function might originate from a variety of sources, which are referred to as databases.

At this point, the back-job end's is to discover the exact information the user needs among the many databases — which, by the way, are massive — and then integrate it in a manner that produces relevant results.

Assume you've downloaded a how-to-get-there app and want to know how to go to your new work promptly. In this case, the app will need to access data from not just your city's bus databases, but also those of other forms of public transportation, taxi firms, and Google Maps.

Doesn't it seem difficult? It may be difficult, but a well-designed back-end is capable of carefully locating the information required. The crucial point is that its structure is based on the specific questions it will have to answer during its existence.

Which raises the dilemma of what happens if the queries that the back-end must answer vary over time.

There's no reason to be concerned, thankfully. The back-end skeleton is always optimizable, and developers may always incorporate new task orders or queries to answer inside its code.


The server

Finally, when the backend has collected and integrated all of the desired information, the data must be provided to the user.

But how many consumers understand how to access the information produced by the back-end in pure code? Probably not more than a few.

As a result, the backend requires "translators" to be able to transform pure code into human language. The well-known APIs and front-end are back.


Backend development process


The method you use while designing and developing the front end, back end, and interactions between the two is more important than you would realize. It has a significant influence on agility – not just of the infrastructure, but also of the whole company.

Web APIs are primarily responsible for interactions between the front end and the back end. As a result, the API design approach drives the whole application infrastructure plan. 

An example of a backend development process is the design-driven strategy. Some development tasks may be parallelized immediately after the API is specified – but before it is implemented. The steps are as follows:

  • The API is defined through the establishment of what is known as an API contract, which specifies the services that may be called and the structure of the data sets that will be delivered.
  • Client SDKs for calling this API are being developed.
  • Development of an API mock – simply stated, a skeleton implementation of the API that does not include any business logic but returns correctly structured replies to each request. This API fake is essential for testing the front-end clients.
  • Simultaneous development of front-end clients and back-end services. In certain circumstances, once built, these back-end services may be hooked to the API in place of the API mock.


However, the resulting parallelization of development chores (back end and front end may occur at the same time) often saves a significant amount of time and reduces the time to market of the finished application architecture.

The design-driven technique also has an unintended benefit: it often involves less back-and-forth between front-end and back-end teams. The construction of the API contract is often a collaborative process, or occurs earlier in the development cycle. 

Furthermore, the API mock enables front-end developers to do realistic API testing on their projects before the actual back end is built. Since of these two factors, requests for modifications from front-end developers are often less disruptive because they are handled sooner in the development cycle.




The distinctions between design and development seem to be blurring on a regular basis, yet they remain fundamentally distinct.

It's critical that everyone be clear on what portion of the product we're truly talking about in order for everyone to have excellent talks and cooperate on outstanding goods.

I hope this review has given you some insight into what it takes to be a backend developer and the work processes of back-end development.

If you want to work in development, you must be patient in order to obtain the necessary skills. Remember that everyone who is an expert at anything was once a novice.


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